Alpine Currant Facts: Description of Ribes Alpinum

Ribes Alpine currant

The Alpine currant, also known as Ribes alpinum, is a red currant bush that grows to a height of around one meter. It is often dioecious, in contrast to its cousins, gooseberries and currants, which are monoecious. Pistil and stamens are present in both male and female flowers; however, they have not yet reached their full developmental potential.

Scientific Name:

Prunus Armeniaca

Alpine Currant, also known as Ribes alpinum, is a tiny deciduous shrub that is native to central and northern Europe, ranging from Finland and Norway south to the Alps and Pyrenees; however, in the southern portion of its range, it is only found at very high elevations. It is very rare in western Europe, and in the United Kingdom, it can only be found in a few of locations in northern England and Wales.
It has a form that is erect and thick, reaching a height of 2 meters and a width of 1.5 meters as it matures. At first, the bark has a smooth texture and a light gray color; with time, however, it darkens to a brownish-gray color and finally begins to flake off. The buds are compact, dispersed, and range in color from pale green to white. Palmate shape may be seen on the leaves. The underside of the leaves have more of a light green color, while the top side of the leaves have a darker green color with scattered hair. Both male and female blooms grow on separate plants of the same species. Both types of flowers are arranged in clusters at the leaf corners, which is also where the males may be found in their most elongated form. The individual blossoms are rather little and have a greenish-yellow color. The fruit is crimson and transparent, and it looks like a redcurrant; nevertheless, the flavor is tasteless. The seeds have an easy time germinating.

The shrub may reach heights of up to 2.5 meters, is rather sickly looking, and has excellent limbs. The leaves are fairly little, treflikade, and hairless, and they have a shining childlike appearance. Bright yellow in color, the blooms have a bowl-like form and their petals are more bent back than those of other species. This plant is planted in small quantities primarily for the purpose of producing its fruit, which has a stunning brilliant red color similar to that of red currants. However, the juice is quite sticky, and the flavor is bland and overpowering.
There are male and female bushes that belong to this species that grow in distinct bushes, but there are also shrubs that bear male and female blooms. In female bushes, the inflorescences are more modest, consisting of just two to five flowers, but the male blooms form bigger and more abundant upward trusses with ten to thirty flowers.


The Alpine currant is a shrub that may grow up to one meter in height and does not have any thorns. In most cases, the branches are feeble and widely dispersed. The leaves have a treflikiga pattern that is tiny and shallow, and they are particularly glossy on the underside. Alpine currants produce their blossoms between the months of May and June, and those flowers have a light yellow color and are arranged in short bunches. Because this species is dioecious, it will often have male and female bushes growing in distinct locations. Despite the fact that the flowers seem to contain both stamens and pistils, they only produce a single fertilized egg each. The flowers of a hanblomstallning contain vestigial stamens and fewer pistils than those of a typical female inflorescence. Additionally, hanblomstallnings often have more flowers than female inflorescence. The fruit is scarlet in color and has a flavor that cannot be described.

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