The hydroponic cultivation of marijuana is one of the more common uses for hydroponics. However, it is a method that has been used for growing plants ever since the gardens of Babylonia, and it may be used for the cultivation of a wide range of plant species.
Simply put, hydroponics is an approach to plant cultivation that does not include the use of soil. If you wanted to grow tomatoes, for example, you wouldn’t use potting soil; rather, you’d use a different kind of substrate like sand. After that, you provide the plants with nutrients in liquid form. There is a widespread belief that hydroponics results in plants that are healthier, and that it also decreases difficulties with diseases and pests.
Benefits of Hydroponic Growing
Weather: There are many benefits to growing plants in a soilless environment, for both private as well as commercial growers. You don’t have to concern yourself with growing seasons because the plants are not affected by outside weather.
Pests and Diseases: Soil can contain unwanted foreign bodies. However, the substrates in hydroponics don’t. This makes the whole growing process cleaner and more indoor-friendly.
The result is a crop that is bigger, healthier, and produces a higher yield. Plus, there’s no need for weeding.
Eco-Friendly—Because less water is used, there are diseases, pests, and weeds that are less of a problem. This in turn means there is less need for those awful chemicals like pesticides and herbicides.
How to Start Growing Hydroponics
Read up as much as you can before you begin. Although on the surface hydroponics may seem easy, there is still a lot to learn. There are different growing mediums and nutrient systems plus the actual hydroponic systems can be very different.
The easiest way to start in your own home is to look at buying a kit. Starter kits are designed for those who are novices and are looking for something quick and easy to get started.
One of the most popular systems is the Ebb and Flow type because it is easy to use and maintain. Described by its name, the Ebb and Flow system does just that. The plants grow in their medium whilst the other container contains water and a nutrient solution. Every so often, the liquids flood the plant roots and substrate, causing the roots to absorb the water mixture. As the water recedes to its container, the roots are exposed to the air. It’s a simple system enjoyed by both beginners and advanced growers.
Many types of devices can be used in hydroponics. At the most basic level, you can just grow plants in water with substrate. However, in commercial greenhouses, they have computers that are programmed to deal with everything from temperature to watering. You will find that most people who do hydroponics as a hobby tend to fall in the middle.
Choosing the right substrate is very important because they each have advantages and disadvantages. Gravel, rockwool, perlite, and sand are just a few of the materials available. Each type absorbs water differently, so your choice depends on what you’re growing.
What to Grow With Hydroponics
You can grow just about anything, including tomatoes, houseplants, and herbs. Because you can grow plants all year round, you can have fresh tomatoes and basil in the middle of winter.
Make sure you understand the crop you want to grow. You need to know what its nutrient, light, and temperature requirements are. Some terrestrial plants will do better than others. You will also learn a lot just by giving it a go to see what works.
Don’t know what to start to plant? Here are some plant ideas for you to get more insights.
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